The old Hong Kong education system is similar to that of the UK. Students holding the Hong Kong Advanced Level Examinations (HKALE) qualification can apply for year-1 entry to UK universities. Requirements are normally three passes in HKALE and a good level of English. If the requirements of year-1 entry are not met, students can consider pathway courses such as International Diplomas, University Foundation Courses or Higher National Diplomas. All of these can lead to degrees at universities.