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Facts and Figures of the UK

Area

  • 244,820 square km
  • Population

  • Approximately 60,000,000
  • Population Distribution

  • England: 50,000,000
  • Scotland: 5,500,000
  • Wales: 2,900,000
  • Northern Ireland: 1,600,000
  • Capital

  • London
  • Ethnic Groups

    There are the British, the Welsh, the Scottish and the Irish. The majority is British, making up 80% of the total population.

    Religions

  • Major religions include the Church of England, Islam, Christian and Catholic.
  • Administrative Divisions

    Due to historical and geographic reasons, the United Kingdom is divided into four main administrative divisions, namely England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. After the enforcement of the Local Government Act 1972, 39 non-metropolitan counties and metropolitan 7 counties were established in England and 8 non-metropolitan counties in Wales. Scotland, however, is keeping the historical divisions with 12 counties while Northern Ireland has 6 counties.

    Climate

    The United Kingdom has a temperate climate. It has a mild climate and is usually cloudy. Sunny days are rare. Average temperature in Summer is 17°c while in Spring and Autumn is 8-10°c. In Winter, average temperature can drop to as low as 2-7°c. Some places may even snow during January and February.

    JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC
    2-6°c 2-8°c 4-9°c 4-13°c 8-16°c 11-21°c 13-23°c 14-24°c 9-20°c 8-16°c 4-9°c 3-9°c
    Winter Spring Summer Autumn Winter

    Time zone

    The UK is in the GMT (UTC+0) time zone. In Winter (October to June), Hong Kong is 8 hours ahead of the UK, whereas in Summer 7 hours ahead when the UK adopt the daylight saving time.

    Currency

  • The official currency in the UK is the Great British Pound (£).
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